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محمد شريف

 
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 الروابط في الانجليزيه

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عدد المساهمات : 10
تاريخ التسجيل : 14/08/2010

مُساهمةموضوع: الروابط في الانجليزيه   الإثنين أبريل 25 2011, 21:39

عندما
نريد ربط جملتين نستخدم رابط ويلاحظ انه اذا ربطنا جملتين بسيطتين باداه ربط فانها
تسمى جمله معقده وهم انواع :




اولا:
روابط لصفات متساويه


و

and

وكل
من

Both………and

او

or

اما
.... او

Either……or

ولا .......
ولا

Neither
……..nor


Ø He
is lazy. He is irresponsible.
ð
He is lazy and irresponsible.

Ø Your
parents wouldn't approve of such bad behavior. Your teacher wouldn't approve of
such bad behavior

ð
Neither your parents nor your teacher would
approve…….



ثانيا:
روابط لاعطاء معلومات اضافيه


nالروابط
هى

:


ايضا

Too

ليس
فقط

Not
only

ولكن
ايضا

But
also

لكن

But

علاوه
على ذلك

Further
more

كذلك

As
well


n وهناك روابط اخرى لاعطاء معلومات اضافيه
ولكنها تتبع بفعل
Ving ...


بالاضافه
الى

beside

In
addition to

As
well as


Ø He
lost his job. He lost most of his friends.

ð
As well as losing his job, he lost most of his
friends.

n هناك قاعده : not only …….. but…….as
well

( ليس فقط ..... لكن
..... كذلك )


He
not only lost his job but most of his friends as well

ومن
الممكن ان يلى
not
only ماضى تام ولكنه سيكون معكوس اى ان well
had اولا ثم as وp.p

(Not
only + had P.P +
باقى
الجمله
+ but also ماضى
بسيط
)

Ø Not
only

had I met Ahmed but also I took his mobile as
well
.



ثالثا:
روابط تستخدم للتعبير عن وجود اختلاف ....


لكن

But

رغم
ذلك

However

بعد

Yet

بالرغم
من هذا

Nevertheless

وبطريقه
اخرى

On
the other hand

يتناقض
مع

Contrary
to

فى
تعارض

In
contrast to

بالمقارنه
الى

In
comparison


Ø She
cooks well. She hates washing up.

ðShe
cooks well but she hates washing up afterwards.



رابعاً:
روابط تستخدم للتعبير عن النتائج


nجمل
ياتى قبلهم الحدث وبعدهم النتيجه:


لذلك

So

Therefore

بناء
على ذلك

Consequently

كنتيجه
لذلك

As
a result

وهكذا

Thus

والا

Otherwise


Ø Hala
didn't sleep all last night. She feels very tired today.

ð
Hala didn't sleep all last night therefore she
feels very tired today.



n هناك جمل تعبر عن النتائح وتستخدم الروابط
التاليه :


جدا
.... لدرجه ان

So…..that

Such
…..that


جمله
+ لدرجه ان
that
+ حال / صفه +
So جداً

Ø The
fog was so thick that we couldn't see across the
street.

Ø He
made so many mistakes that he had to write the report
again.

ولتحويل
الجمله المعقده السابقه الى جمله بسيطه نستخدم
too
…. To

Ø The
fog was too thick to see across the
street.



Such
(a/an) + adjective + noun + that


Ø He
was such a wise man that everyone respected
him.



خامسا:
روابط تستخدم للاستثناء


فيما
عدا

But
(for)

Except
for

Apart
from


Ø apart
from

her mother, every one liked Sarah's wedding dress.



سادسا
: روابط سببيه


nالنوع
الاول / هذه الروابط تتبع بجمله كامله ( فاعل وفعل ومفعول ) وهذه تسمى الجمله
المعقده


Ø
We
can't go out because the weather is getting
worse.

Ø
He
got high marks now that he studied hard.

لان + جمله

Because

Since

As

Seeing
that

Now
that


nالنوع
الثانى/اما هذه الروابط فتتبع بمصدر او فعل
Ving اى يليهم جمله بسيطه وليست معقده كالسابق


Ø
she
got high marks due to studying hard

+
noun/ inf/ Ving

Because
of

On
account of

As
a result of

Due
to

Owing
to

Thanks
to




سابعاً:
روابط تستخدم للتعبير عن الغرض من عمل شئ


جمله

مصدر
+ فعل ناقص + فاعل

So
that

In
order that


هذه
الجمله يجب ان تحتوى على فعل ناقص
shall
– will – may فى حاله المضارع اما فى حاله الماضى فتكون would
– could – might .

Ø We
sold our old car. We want to buy a new car.

ðWe
sold our old car so that we may buy a new car.

ð
She
plays tennis so that she can get money

ð
They
bought a car in order to they might travel

ويمكن
تحويل الجمله المعقده الى جمله بسيطه باستخدام الروابط التاليه
...


مصدر+

So
as (not) to

In
order (not) to

+ Ving / مصدر

for


Ø We
sold our old car in order to buy a new one.

Ø I
use the electric knife for cutting meat.

Ø He
went to the coffee shop for a drink.





خشيه
ان

For
fear

جمله

might

lest


Ø He
fled his country for fear he might be
arrested.

For
fear of

+
noun / Ving


Ø He
fled his country for fear of being arrested.



ثامنا:
روابط تستخدم للتعبير عن التناقض


Ø
He had flu. He went to school.


ðAlthough
he had flu, he went to school.

Ø
She eats a lot. She isn't overweight.

ðshe
eats a lot but she isn't overweight

ملحوظه/
اذا بدات الجمله بـ
however لابد تتبع بصفه

ðHowever
poor he was, he was happy.

+ جمـلــه

Though

بالرغم
من

Although

Even
though

However

but



Ø
Although he had flu, he went to work.

ðdespite
having flu, he went to work

ð
despite the flu, he went to work



+noun

/
Ving



In
spite of

despite


يمكن
استخدام
as بمعنى بالرغم من ولكن لها تركيبه وهى :

جمله
+ تكلمه الجمله الاولى +
as + صفه

Ø Although
he was poor, he was happy

ðPoor
as he was, he was happy

ويلاحظ
انه يمكن استخدام
whereas او while بمعنى but كالاتى :

Ø I
like traveling but/while/whereas my husband
doesn't.



تاسعا:
روابط للتعبير عن الاشتراط


If
– unless – without – but for بدون – in case – provided that لو

§
Unless
= if not

§
Without
/ but for (= if not) + Ving/noun

§
In
caseلو
+ Ving / noun

Ø They
would have found the pen if they had dug the
ground.

ðWithout
dugging the ground, they wouldn't have found the
pen.

عاشر:
روابط زمنيه


·
Before
/ when / by the time + ماض
بسيط
+ ماض
تام


·
After
/ as soon as + ماض
تام
+ ماض
بسيط


·
ماض
بسيط منفى
+ until +
ماض
تام


·
While
/ as / just as + ماض
مستمر
+ ماض
بسيط
الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
 
الروابط في الانجليزيه
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